Further Reading

  • Cadore, E. L., Pinto, R. S., Bottaro, M., & Izquierdo, M. (2014). Strength and endurance training prescription in healthy and frail elderly. Aging and disease, 5(3), 183. 


  • Clark, J. (2014). Exercise programming for older adults. Routledge.


  • Fleg, Jerome L. (2012) “Aerobic exercise in the elderly: a key to successful aging.” Discovery medicine 13.70: 223-228.


  • Heath, J. M., & Stuart, M. R. (2002). Prescribing exercise for frail elders. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, 15(3), 218-228.


  • Lynch, N.A., Metter, E.J., Lindle, R.S., Fozard, J.L., Tobin, J.D., Roy, T.A., Fleg, J.L., & Hurley, B.F. (1999). Muscle quality I: Age-associated differences in arm vs. leg muscle groups. J Appl Physiol 86:188-194.


  • Mcdermott, A. Y., & Mernitz, H. (2006). Exercise and older patients: prescribing guidelines. American family physician, 74(3), 437-444.


  • Pate, R. R., Pratt, M., Blair, S. N., Haskell, W. L., Macera, C. A., Bouchard, C., Buchner, D., Ettinger, W., Heath, G.W., King, A.C., Kriska, A., Leon, A.S., Marcus, B.H., Morris, J., Paffenbarger, R.S., Patrick, K., Pollock, M.L., Rippe, J.M., Sallis, J., & Wilmore, J. H. (1995). Physical activity and public health: a recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. Jama, 273(5), 402-407.


  • Tinetti, M.E., & Kumar, C. (2010). The patient who falls. “It’s always a trade-off.” JAMA 303:258-266


  • Skelton, D. A. and McLaughlin, A. W. (1996). Training functional ability in old age. Physiotherapy, 82(3): 159–67.


  • Spirduso, W. W., Francis, K. L., & MacRae, P. G. (1995). Physical dimensions of ageing


  • Young, A. (1986). Exercise physiology in geriatric practice. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 220(S711), 227-232.


  • British Heart foundation:


  • NHS website – physical activity guidelines for older adults


Further Reading
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